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UNHCR and IOM as Actors of Global Migration Management

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Abstract

This chapter is going to address two important actors in the field of international migration: the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Despite their different genesis and position within the UN system, both international organizations have many commonalities and are characterized by a widespread cooperation with other organizations and among each other.

The history of UNHCR started a long time ago with the High Commissioner for Refugees founded by the League of Nations in the 1920s. The organization can be considered as the principle organization in the international refugee regime and, therefore, it supervises the compliance with the Geneva Refugee Convention. Nowadays, UNHCR is gaining an important role in the area of forced displacement, especially due to climate change.

On the other side, the predecessor of IOM was founded in the aftermath of World War II to support the emigration from Europe. Originally, it was located outside the UN system, and, only in 2016, a common agreement between the UN and IOM incorporated the organization into the UN system as a “related organization”. Today, IOM can be considered as one of the leading international institutions in migration law. Nevertheless, its position is still in development between human rights obligations and service deliveries to customer states and can become a new impact of the Global Compact for Migration.

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Correspondence to Winfried Kluth .

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Kluth, W., Jack, N. (2023). UNHCR and IOM as Actors of Global Migration Management. In: Cremades, J., Hermida, C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Contemporary Constitutionalism. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31739-7_209-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31739-7_209-1

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