Advertisement

Sources of Futures Studies from Foresight to Anticipation

Living reference work entry

Abstract

The essentials of futures studies are introduced for graduate level researchers who want to begin and to pursue a career in futures studies and anticipation. It is shown that in consecutive waves, human time consciousness has evolved from prediction to forecast to foresight and eventually to anticipation and shaping the future. Also classic works in the literature, which are essential reading for a graduate level beginner, are briefly reviewed. Pluralism with respect to theories of knowledge sheds light on the assumptions, values, and boundaries among diverse epistemological traditions. Key applied futures studies and foresight practices also give useful learning examples from national to global spaces about the benchmark of quality futures work. Recognized learning options and active peer-reviewed journals are also discussed. Finally an emphasis is put on the importance of joining professional membership organizations as an essential next step because scholars, researchers, consultants, and practitioners of futures studies gather and network for the exchange of ideas and further maturity.

Keywords

Anticipation Foresight Theory of knowledge Futures studies Post-formal education Applied Epistemological pluralism Integral futures Post normal Planetary studies 

References

  1. Andersson, J. (2012). The great future debate and the struggle for the world. The American Historical Review, 117(5), 1411–1430. doi: 10.1093/ahr/117.5.1411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bell, W. (1997). Foundations of futures studies: Human science for a new era, vol. 1 history, purposes, and knowledge. New Brunswick: TransactionPublishers.Google Scholar
  3. Candy, S. (2010). The futures of everyday life: Politics and the design of experiential scenarios. PhD thesis, University of Hawaii, Department of Political Science. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1840.0248.
  4. Dator, J. (2009). Alternative futures at the Manoa school. Journal of Futures Studies, 14(2), 1–18. http://www.jfs.tku.edu.tw/14-2/A01.pdf.Google Scholar
  5. Dator, J. (2016). Editorial: Introduction. World Future Review, 8(1), 3–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Elmandjra, M. (1998). The futures of communication studies. Futures, 30(2–3), 126–127. doi: 10.1016/S0016-3287(98)00017-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gary, J. E., & von der Gracht, H. A. (2015). The future of foresight professionals: Results from a global Delphi study. Futures, 71, 132–145. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2015.03.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gidley, J. (2010). Globally scanning for “megatrends of the mind”: Potential futures of futures thinking. Futures, 42(10), 1040–1048. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2010.08.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gidley, J. (2016). Postformal education: A philosophy for complex futures. Heidelberg: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-29069-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gidley, J. (2017). The future: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Glenn, J. C., & Gordon, T. G. (2009). Futures research methodology version 3.0. http://www.millennium-project.org/millennium/FRM-V3.html#toc.
  12. Grebenyuk, A., Pikalova, A., Sokolov, A., Shashnov, S., & Kaivo-oja, J. (2016). STI priority setting in the EU countries and the Russian Federation: Best practices. Moscow: National Research University Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 30 November 2016, from https://lsts.hse.ru/data/2016/06/03/1117175294/STI%20Priority%20Setting_%202016_BILAT_Eng.pdf.Google Scholar
  13. Hines, A., & Bishop, P. (2007). Thinking about the future: Guidelines for strategic foresight. Huston: Social Technologies.Google Scholar
  14. Inayatullah, S. (1990). Deconstructing and reconstructing the future: Predictive, cultural, and critical epistemologies. Futures, 22(2), 115–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Inayatullah, S., & Milojević, I. (Eds.). (2015). Causal layered analysis (CLA) reader 2.0. Taipei: Tamkang University Press.Google Scholar
  16. de Jouvenel, B. (1967). The art of the conjecture. New York: Basic Books. https://www.futuribles.com/en/viewer/pdf/3971.Google Scholar
  17. Kelliher, A., & Byrne, D. (2015). Design futures in action: Documenting experiential futures for participatory audiences. Futures, 70, 36–47. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2014.12.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kuosa, T. (2012). The evolution of strategic foresight: Navigating public policy making. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Lombardo, T. (2011). Wisdom, consciousness, and the future. Bloomington: Xlibris, Corp.Google Scholar
  20. Lombardo, T. (2017). Future consciousness: The path to purposeful evolution. Winchester: Changemakers Books.Google Scholar
  21. Marien, M. (2013). The provocative GT-2030 report: Outline and comments. World Future Review, 5(4), 324–331. doi: 10.1177/1946756713505360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Martin, B. R. (1995). Foresight in science and technology. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 7(2), 139–168. doi: 10.1080/09537329508524202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Masini, E. B. (2005). Reflections on world futures studies Federation. Futures, 37(5), 361–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Masini, E. B., Samset, K. (1975). Recommendations of the WFSF General Assembly, WFSF Newsletter.Google Scholar
  25. Miller, R. (2007). Futures literacy: A hybrid strategic scenario method. Futures, 39(4), 341–362. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2006.12.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Motlagh, V. V. (2012a). Wisdom and futures studies. Journal of Futures Studies, 16(3), 117–120. http://www.jfs.tku.edu.tw/16-3/BookReview.pdf.Google Scholar
  27. Motlagh, V. V. (2012b). Ta’wil al-Ahaadith: A philological perspective to semantics roots of strategic foresight in ancient Arabic. Journal of Futures Studies, 17(2), 101–110.Google Scholar
  28. Motlagh, V. V. (2015). Book review: The biggest wakeup call in history. Retrieved 30 Nov 2016, from http://foresightinternational.com.au/review/vahid-motlagh/.
  29. Motti, V. V. (2015). Evolving cultural identities in a planetary era. World Future Review: A Journal of Strategic Foresight, 7(2–3), 224–229. doi: 10.1177/1946756715604581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Motti, V. V., & Masoumi, M. (2016). An operational process for organizational foresight and anticipation. World Future Review: A Journal of Strategic Foresight, 8(2), 87–93. doi: 10.1177/1946756716651171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Polak, F. L. (1973). Image of the future. Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific.Google Scholar
  32. Poli, R. (2017). Introduction to anticipation studies. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  33. Poli, R. (2018). Handbook of anticipation. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  34. Popper, S. W., Shatz, H. J., Abramzon, S., Berrebi, C., & Efron, S. (2015). The strategic perspective and long-term socioeconomic strategies for Israel: Key methods with an application to aging. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation. http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR488.html.Google Scholar
  35. Roney, C. W. (2010). Intersections of strategic planning and futures studies: Methodological complementarities. Journal of Futures Studies, 15(2), 71–100.Google Scholar
  36. Sardar, Z. (2010a). The namesake: Futures; futures studies; futurology; futuristic; foresight – what’s in a name? Futures, 42(3), 177–184. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2009.11.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sardar, Z. (2010b). Welcome to postnormal times. Futures, 42(5), 435–444. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2009.11.028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schultz, W. (2012). The history of futures studies. In A. Curry (Ed.), The future of futures. Association of Professional Futurists (APF). https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B7Bn-eBPZZX7Ty1fS3JsMTFqbjQ/view
  39. Slaughter, R. (1999). Professional standards in futures work. Futures, 31(8), 835–851. doi: 10.1016/S0016-3287(99)00039-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Slaughter, R. (2002). Developing and applying strategic foresight. Retrieved 30 Nov 2016, from http://www.forschungsnetzwerk.at/downloadpub/2002slaughter_Strategic_Foresight.pdf.
  41. Slaughter, R. (2015). Beyond the global emergency: Integral futures and the search for clarity. World Future Review, 7(2–3), 239–252. doi: 10.1177/1946756715597522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Voros, J. (2017). The futures cone, use and history. Retrieved from https://thevoroscope.com/2017/02/24/the-futures-cone-use-and-history/.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.World Futures Studies FederationTehranIran

Personalised recommendations