Where to Begin? Surveying Anticipation in Neuroscience: An Essential Roadmapping Toolkit

Living reference work entry


This paper introduces a basic tool kit derived from “systematic reviews” in clinical research and from “genetic epistemology.” The purpose of this tool kit is to establish a bird’s-eye view of some fundamental landmarks and grounding notions, directly related to the subject of “anticipation” in neuroscience. This tool kit is particularly aimed at helping scholars orient within the plethora of published literature in neuroscience and to facilitate the identification and analysis of notions underpinning the subject of “anticipation.” The methodological and epistemological foundations for the tool kit are scrutinized and condensed in two sequential procedures: a “scouting systematic review” and a “fast-track epistemological analysis.” To examine the performance of this tool kit, an example of its application is provided. As a result, important landmarks and grounding notions, within the subject of “cognitive anticipation,” have been identified. Despite this method’s value, it is concluded that it should be used with caution, for it is not meant to replace a full systematic review, and it does not give an exhaustive epistemological analysis.


Anticipation Cognitive anticipation Inferences Epistemology Neuroscience Mind Conjectures 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical Research Programme, School of Biological SciencesVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand

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