Relational Biology

  • A. H. LouieEmail author
Living reference work entry


Relational biology is a study of life in terms of the organization of entailment relations in living systems, independent of any particular physical mechanism or material realization. Anticipation is the pivot on which the relational study of life revolves. An organism is the very example of an anticipatory system. Robert Rosen’s systematic study of anticipation was founded under the auspices of his determined journey in relational biology, a quixotic adventure that is now continuing in the next generation and beyond.


Relational biology Living system (M,R)-system Clef system Anticipatory system Impredicative system Function dictates structure Closure to efficient causation Metabolism–repair Material entailment Functional entailment Hierarchical cycle 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OttawaCanada
  2. 2.Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (stiαs)Wallenberg Research Centre at Stellenbosch UniversityStellenboschSouth Africa

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