Postinfective Hydrocephalus

Living reference work entry

Abstract

Hydrocephalus in pediatric population is an entity that has been the focus of many studies. Hydrocephalus in children may occur due to a multiple number of causes and if left untreated has a lethal outcome. Postinfective hydrocephalus (PIH) may be defined as hydrocephalus associated with infectious etiology. Although PIH has traditionally been considered to be a communicating type of hydrocephalus, we think that PIH initially begins as communicating hydrocephalus and later on it may transform to noncommunicating hydrocephalus, which can lead to development of multiple loculations and isolated ventricle due to associated ependymitis and ventriculitis. Communicating and noncommunicating components may coexist as well, termed as complex hydrocephalus.

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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