Encyclopedia of Pathology

Living Edition
| Editors: J.H.J.M. van Krieken

Chievitz’s Organ

  • Jacqueline E. van der Wal
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28845-1_669-1



A normal anatomical structure, considered of neuroepithelial origin, first described in 1885 by JH Chievitz, a Danish anatomist.

Located bilateral, within the soft tissue overlying the angle of the mandible in the buccotemporal space.

A small fusiform structure, interposed between the fascia buccotemporalis and pterygoid muscles.

Innervated by branches of the buccal nerve.

It is believed to represent an anlage of the parotid gland.


  • Mechanosensor in the lateral wall of the oral cavity involved in deglutition, sucking, mastication, and speech

  • Abundant enzyme activity similar to that found in ductal cells of salivary glands (alkaline phosphatase and carbonic anhydrase activity)

  • Neurosecretory function (presence of intracellular neurosecretory granules)

  • Might be influenced by buccal nerve and pituitary gland

Size and Weight

0.7–1.7 cm in length and 0.1–0.2 cm in width.


Grossly not visible. By dissecting...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Chievitz, J. H. (1885). Beitrage zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Speicheldrusen. Virchows Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medizin, 9, 401–436.Google Scholar
  2. Danforth, R. A., & Baughman, R. A. (1979). Chievitz’s organ: A potential pitfall in oral cancer diagnosis. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology, 48, 231–236.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ide, F., Mishima, K., & Saito, I. (2003). Juxtaoral organ of Chievitz presenting clinically as a tumor. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 56, 789–790.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Pantanowisz, L. (2004). Immunophenotype of the juxtaoral organ. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 33, 113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Pantanowitz, L., & Balogh, K. (2003). Significance of the juxtaoral organ (of Chievitz). Head & Neck, 25, 400–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyThe Netherlands Cancer Institute, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek HospitalAmsterdamThe Netherlands