Encyclopedia of Pathology

Living Edition
| Editors: J.H.J.M. van Krieken

Asbestos-Induced Pleural Disease

  • Timothy Craig AllenEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28845-1_4294-1

Asbestos is a family of naturally occurring silicates which, when used in a variety of construction and manufacturing ways, provides significant heat-resistance. As such, it has historically been used for, among other things, building construction and shipbuilding. It is reported that the amphiboles amosite and crocidolite, and the serpentine fiber chrysotile, are the primary causes of asbestos-related disease.

Although asbestos has been vilified, asbestos’ unique properties and natural occurrence led to its use throughout history. It reportedly was used for lamp and candle wicks as long ago as 4000 BC, and between 3000 and 2000 BC Egyptian pharaohs were embalmed using asbestos cloth wrapping to better preserve the pharaoh. In the 1300s, Marco Polo visited an asbestos mine in China, where he identified asbestos as a stone and ended the myth that asbestos was the hair of a woolly lizard. In the 1700s, asbestos papers and boards were manufactured in Italy. From the mid-1800s, asbestos...


Malignant Mesothelioma Asbestos Exposure Pleural Disease Pleural Plaque Asbestos Body 
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References and Further Reading

  1. Bolton, C., Richards, A., & Ebden, P. (2002). Asbestos-related disease. Hospital Medicine, 63(3), 148–151.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Churg, A., & Green, F. H. Y. (1998). Pathology of occupational lung disease (2nd ed.). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  3. Hammar, S. P., Henderson, D. W., Klebe, S., & Dodson, R. F. (2008). Neoplasms of the pleura. In J. F. Thomashefski (Ed.), Dail and Hammar’s pulmonary pathology (3rd ed., pp. 558–734). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hillerdal, G. (1987). Asbestos-related pleural disease. Semininars in Respiratory Medicine, 9, 65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Myers, R. (2012). Asbestos-related pleural disease. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, 18(4), 377–381.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Rudd, R. M. (1996). New developments in asbestos-related pleural disease. Thorax, 51, 210–216.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyThe University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA