Head and Neck Pathology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Metka Volavšek

Tonsillitis, Acute

  • Lukas PlankEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28618-1_1786

Synonyms

Acute amygdalitis; Angina; Tonsillitis acuta (in Latin)

Definition

Acute tonsillitis is an acute inflammatory disorder of the tonsils, manifested usually by swollen tonsillar structures associated with the symptoms of sore throat. The synonymous name of acute tonsillitis, “angina” (from the Latin word “angere,” English “to choke”), reflects the common symptomatology.

Acute tonsillitis may involve any part of the Waldeyer’s ring separately – the pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids), palatine tonsils, tubal and/or lingual tonsil, or all the components of the ring. Because the tonsils form a constituent part of the oro- and nasopharynx, the acute tonsillitis commonly presents in association with pharyngitis. When the process involves not only some of the tonsils but the whole Waldeyer’s lymphatic ring, then usually the term “angina” is applied. The expression “acute tonsillitis” is usually used for the inflammation of the palatine tonsils. Etymologically, as amygdalon in ancient Greek...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Johnson, B. C., & Alvi, A. (2003). Cost-effective workup for tonsillitis testing, treatment, and potential complications. Postgraduate Medicine, 121, 115–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Schwaab, M., Gurr, A., & Hansen, S. (2010). Human beta-defensins in different states of diseases of the tonsilla palatina. European Archives Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 267(5), 821–830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Stenfors, L. E., Bye, H. M., Raisanen, S., et al. (2000). Bacterial penetration into tonsillar surface epithelium during infectious mononucleosis. Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 114(11), 848–852.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Comenius University Jessenius Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital in Martin and Martin’s Biopsy Center, Ltd.MartinSlovakia