Compartment Syndrome of the Hand

Living reference work entry


Compartment syndrome is one of the few true orthopedic emergencies. It requires a high level of clinical suspicion, particularly in the pediatric population. Compartment syndrome is defined as an increase in intracompartmental pressure leading to a decrease in perfusion pressure causing tissue hypoxemia. Inadequate treatment or the missed diagnosis of compartment syndrome can lead to significant morbidity, such as nerve dysfunction, muscle contractures, loss of limb, rhabdomyolysis, chronic pain, and even mortality. Emergent fasciotomies are indicated, and often multiple surgeries are required. Postoperative rehabilitation is of paramount importance to help regain function.


Compartment Syndrome Intracompartmental Pressure Fasciotomy Intrinsic Minus Position Multiple Metacarpal Fractures 
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References and Suggested Readings

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryNationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jennifer M. Ty
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryNemours: Alfred I. duPont Hospital for ChildrenWilmingtonUSA

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