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Emotional Intelligence

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Definition

Emotional intelligence has been conceived of in several ways, but this entry will focus on emotional intelligence as a mental ability. The ability model of emotional intelligence defines it as the capacity “to reason validly with emotions and with emotion-related information and to use emotions to enhance thought” (Mayer et al. 2016, p. 295). The approach has several advantages relative to other models, including its conceptual clarity, the validity of its associated measurement procedures, and its predictions of outcomes (Côté 2014; Mayer et al. 2008). There are, however, other meanings of the term. According to the mixed model approach, emotional intelligence is a diverse mixture of self-reported personality traits such as assertiveness, self-regard, independence, and empathy (Bar-On and Parker 2000). Alternatives to the ability model will be discussed in a later section of this entry.

Introduction

Emotional intelligence is a cognitive ability that operates on emotional...

Keywords

  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Emotional Information
  • Mental Ability
  • Ability Model
  • Social Intelligence

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Correspondence to Jayne L. Allen .

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Allen, J.L., Sylaska, K.M., Mayer, J.D. (2016). Emotional Intelligence. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_975-1

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