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UCLA Loneliness Scale


The UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3) is a 20-item item self-report inventory that uses a four-point Likert-type scale format to assess subjective feelings of loneliness (Russell 1996).


The UCLA Loneliness Scale Version 3 is the third installment and was developed for two primary reasons that remained constant since the first edition of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell 1996; Russell et al. 1978, 1980). First, the UCLA Loneliness Scales (original, revised, and version 3) intended to address concerns about preexisting measures of loneliness showing internal reliability, lack of generalizability, and excessive length (Russell et al. 1978). The final product was the UCLA Loneliness Scale Version 3, which is superior in its internal consistency, concurrent validity, and construct validity (Russell 1996; Britton and Conner 2007; Vassar and Crosby 2008; DiTammaso et al. 2004).

Secondly, all versions of the UCLA Loneliness Scale were designed to explore the...

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Correspondence to Heidi M. Pontinen .

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Pontinen, H.M., Swails, J.A. (2017). UCLA Loneliness Scale. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham.

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