Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Self-Monitoring Scale

  • Michael P. WilmotEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_82-1

Synonym

SMS

Definition

Self-monitoring is a personality variable defined as the extent to which individuals are willing and able to engage in the expressive control of their public self-presentations, which is measured using the Self-Monitoring Scale (SMS; Snyder 1974; Snyder and Gangestad 1986). Recent work indicates that self-monitoring is better described as comprising two distinct forms of self-presentation, acquisitive and protective. Accordingly, researchers have repurposed the SMS to assess these two self-monitoring dimensions (Wilmot et al. 2015).

Introduction

Self-monitoring (Snyder 1974) is a major construct of interest in the personality and social psychological literature. Traditionally, self-monitoring has been assessed using total SMS scores, which are interpreted as tapping a single, unitary variable that is categorically distributed (i.e., high vs. low self-monitors; Snyder and Gangestad 1986). At the turn of the century, quantitative reviews appeared to provide...

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References

  1. Briggs, S. R., & Cheek, J. M. (1988). On the nature of self-monitoring: Problems with assessment, problems with validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 663–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. Wilmot, M. P. (2015). A contemporary taxometric analysis of the latent structure of self-monitoring. Psychological Assessment, 27, 353–364. doi:10.1037/pas0000030.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Wilmot, M. P., DeYoung, C. G., Stillwell, D., & Kosinski, M. (2016). Self-monitoring and the metatraits. Journal of Personality, 84, 335–347. doi:10.1111/jopy.12162.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Wilmot, M. P., Kostal, J. W., Stillwell, D., & Kosinski, M. (2015). Using item response theory to develop measures of acquisitive and protective self-monitoring from the original Self-Monitoring Scale. Assessment. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/1073191115615213.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Wilmot, M. P., Ones, D. S., & Barbuto, J. E., Jr. Self-monitoring and status: A meta-analysis. (Manuscript submitted for publication).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Brendan Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.Wichita State UniversityWichitaUSA