Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Neuroscience of Personality and Individual Differences

  • Jaanus HarroEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_783-1


Research aimed at discovery and description of the biological substrate of relatively persistent behavioral traits.


Interindividual differences in personality and behavior must derive from underlying variations in the brain. At present, knowledge on the neurobiological foundation of persistent individual differences consists of highly fragmented pieces of information and does not allow a single coherent theory. The following summary represents a selection of evidence that may be helpful in developing such a theory that had the power of making predictions on future behavior, and points at some significant gaps that research must fill in order to proceed.

Neuroscience embraces the vast complexity of the brain and the large variety of different methods for probing its structure and function, ranging from systems analysis to the molecular level. All this is applied in combination with the multitude of human personality theories or is addressing specific less or more...


Psychopathic Trait Regional Gray Matter Volume MAOA Genotype Functional Gene Variant Nonshared Environmental Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neuropsychopharmacology, Department of PsychologyEstonian Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of TartuTartuEstonia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Julie Schermer
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of Western OntarioLondonCanada