Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices

  • Patrick LoescheEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_69-1



The Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices is a standardized cognitive ability test that was designed to measure general intelligence.


The psychometric theory of human intelligence assumes that there is one cognitive resource underlying all mental operations. The theory is based on the observation that performance on various tests is positively correlated. This effect is commonly known as the positive manifold, and it has been observed in many psychological studies (Carroll 1993). Spearman (1904) showed analytically that it was possible to reduce a correlation matrix of various tests to a single factor that can explain a considerable amount of variance in all of the tests. That is, all tests that are designed to measure cognitive ability are, to some degree, determined by one general intelligence factor (the g-factor or simply G).

The degree of the g-factor influence may vary across different tests. Therefore it was desirable to develop a test...


Work Memory Capacity General Intelligence Fluid Intelligence Progressive Matrix Matrix Reasoning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyGoethe UniversityFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.German Institute for International Educational Research DIPFFrankfurtGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Brendan Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.Wichita State UniversityWichitaUSA