Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices
The Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices is a standardized cognitive ability test that was designed to measure general intelligence.
The psychometric theory of human intelligence assumes that there is one cognitive resource underlying all mental operations. The theory is based on the observation that performance on various tests is positively correlated. This effect is commonly known as the positive manifold, and it has been observed in many psychological studies (Carroll 1993). Spearman (1904) showed analytically that it was possible to reduce a correlation matrix of various tests to a single factor that can explain a considerable amount of variance in all of the tests. That is, all tests that are designed to measure cognitive ability are, to some degree, determined by one general intelligence factor (the g-factor or simply G).
The degree of the g-factor influence may vary across different tests. Therefore it was desirable to develop a test...
KeywordsWork Memory Capacity General Intelligence Fluid Intelligence Progressive Matrix Matrix Reasoning
- Raven, J., Raven, J. C., & Court, J. H. (1998). Manual for Raven’s progressive matrices and vocabulary scales. San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar