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Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR)

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Personality, or an individual’s characteristic pattern of thought, emotion, and behavior, is complex. It is therefore not surprising that a comprehensive assessment of a person’s personality requires collecting multiple kinds of data, such as asking the person what he or she is like, asking somebody who is well acquainted with the person to describe what he or she is like, and observing what the person does and says. Unfortunately, this third type of data, behavior, has long been neglected in the field of personality and social psychology, and when it has been collected to inform our understanding of personality, it is usually through global retrospective self-reports (Furr 2009). While retrospective self-reports do relate to actual behavior, they are far from perfect indicators of it. Experience-sampling methods, the current gold standard for real-world assessments, evade memory problems associated with retrospective self-reports, but other measurement issues around self-reports...

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Correspondence to Matthias R. Mehl .

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Tackman, A.M., Mehl, M.R. (2017). Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR). In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-28099-8

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