Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

  • Liza Rimsky
  • Nicole M. CainEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_627-1



Schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is characterized by a pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships as well as by cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities. Diagnostic criteria include odd beliefs or magical thinking, such as beliefs in clairvoyance or telepathy, unusual perceptual experiences, and a lack of close friends outside of first-degree relatives.


Schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) is a mental disorder consisting of persistent social difficulty, reduced capacity for close relationships, and cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities. Estimates suggest a prevalence rate of approximately 0–2% of clinical populations and 4% of the general population (American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2013). SPD may first be apparent in childhood, as evidenced by extreme social anxiety, hypersensitivity, being teased for oddness, and...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Long Island UniversityBrooklynUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin Meehan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLong Island UniversityBrooklynUSA