Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Id

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_591-1

Id is one of the three components of the psyche, according to Freud’s structural model of 1923. In 1923, Freud moved his map of the mind from a topographical model, which divides the psyche into the conscious, preconscious, and the unconscious, to a structural model. This modification emerged out of Freud’s clinical experience with patients and his growing realization that the former model was insufficient to capture the central element of the analytic treatment, the internal conflict between different parts of the mind (Mitchell and Black 1995). Freud therefore suggested that the conflict primarily occurs in different structures within the unconscious rather than between the strata of consciousness (Mitchell and Black 1995). The structural model is focused on the division of the unconscious into three primary components of the psyche: the id, the ego (see: ego), and the superego (see: superego).

The id is the basic, primal, unorganized part of the psyche, which is present at birth and...

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References

  1. Freud, S. (1961). The Ego and the Id. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of sigmund freud (Vol. 19, pp. 3–66). London, UK: Hogarth press. (Original work published 1923).Google Scholar
  2. Freud, S. (1962). Civilization and its discontents. New York, NY: W.W.Norton. (Original work published 1930)Google Scholar
  3. Freud, S. (1964). New introductory lectures. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of sigmund freud (Vol. 22). London, UK: Hogarth press. (Original work published 1933).Google Scholar
  4. Freud, S. (2010). A general introduction to psychoanalysis (G. S. Hall, Trans.). New York, Ny: Boni and Liveright. Retrieved from http://www.bartleby.com/283/ (Original work published 1920)
  5. Mitchell, S. A., & Black, M. J. (1995). Freud and beyond: A history of modern psychoanalytic thought. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wright InstituteLos AngelesUSA