Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Need for Privacy

  • Sabine Trepte
  • Philipp K. Masur
Living reference work entry

Later version available View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_540-1

Synonyms

Definition

An individual’s need to selectively control the access of others to the individual = self with the aim of achieving a desired level of physical or psychological privacy – in other words, a form of solitude, intimacy, anonymity, or reserve.

Introduction

People want privacy under many circumstances. In fact, when people say “I want my privacy” or claim “Privacy please!” the message behind these demands can have several meanings. In one situation, it could simply mean that the person wants to be left alone. Under other circumstances, however, an individual may want to emphasize that another person is not allowed to know about a certain type of information, or the individual may want to prevent unwanted enquiries. From time to time, people seek physical or mental conditions under which they feel free from surveillance or interference by others, or...

Keywords

Private Information Social Network Site Personal Space Physical Privacy Online Medium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Altman, I. (1975). The environment and social behavior: Privacy, personal space, territory, crowding. Monterey: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  2. Błachnio, A., Przepiorka, A., Boruch, W., & Bałakier, E. (2016). Self-presentation styles, privacy, and loneliness as predictors of Facebook use in young people. Personality and Individual Differences, 94, 26–31. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.12.051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burgoon, M. (Ed.). (1982). Communication yearbook 6. Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Buss, A. (2001). Psychological dimensions of the self. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  5. Doyal, L., & Gough, I. (1991). A theory of human need. Basingstoke: MacMillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Marshall, N. J. (1974). Dimensions of privacy preferences. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 9(3), 255–271.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Pedersen, D. M. (1979). Dimensions of privacy. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 48(3c), 1291–1297. doi:10.2466/pms.1979.48.3c.1291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pedersen, D. M. (1999). Model for types of privacy by privacy functions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 397–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2011). Adolescents’ online privacy: Toward a developmental perspective. In S. Trepte & L. Reinecke (Eds.), Privacy online. Perspectives on privacy and self-disclosure in the social web (pp. 221–234). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  10. Petronio, S. (2002). Boundaries of privacy. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  11. Trepte, S., & Masur, P. K. (2017). The Need for Privacy Questionnaire (NFP-Q). Retrieved from: https://www.uni-hohenheim.de/fileadmin/einrichtungen/psych/Dateien/Publikationen/Trepte_Masur_2017_Need_for_Privacy_Questionnaire_NFP-Q.pdf
  12. Trepte, S., & Reinecke, L. (Eds.). (2011). Privacy online. Perspectives on privacy and self-disclosure in the social web. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Westin, A. F. (1967). Privacy and freedom. New York: Atheneum.Google Scholar
  14. Wolfe, M., & Laufer, R. (1974). The concept of privacy in childhood and adolescence. In D. H. Carson (Series Ed.) & S. T. Margulis (Vol. Ed.), Man-environment interactions: Evaluations and applications; The state of the art in environmental design research. Privacy (pp. 29–54). Stroudsburg: Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross.Google Scholar
  15. Yao, M. Z., Rice, R. E., & Wallis, K. (2007). Predicting user concerns about online privacy. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58(5), 710–722. doi:10.1002/asi.20530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Media PsychologyUniversity of HohenheimStuttgartGermany