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Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences


Cheerfulness; Elevated mood; Happiness; Positive mood; Well-being


Euphoria is a type of affect that involves positive or elevated mood.


Euphoria is a state or symptom of mood or affect that involves the experience of positive mood.


The term has be used to describe a state of “cheerfulness” (Rodgers and Bland 1996), “contentment” (Finger 1998), “intense happiness” (Pearsall 1999), and “extreme happiness and well-being” (Brookes et al. 2004). Although, as it can be seen, definitions tend to vary, it is important to note that euphoria is distinct from a number of other, apparently similar, symptoms of mood and affect. For example, euphoria is different from a manic episode, which is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (American Psychiatric Association 2013) as including elevated or irritable mood and increased energy that persists for at least 1 week and is accompanied by a number of additional...

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Correspondence to Amy L. Duncan .

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Duncan, A.L. (2017). Euphoria. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham.

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