Physiological Hyperarousal (PHY)
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Bodily manifestations of autonomic arousal (Clark and Watson 1991).
Physiological hyperarousal is an aspect of human experience relating to emotion and anxiety. It has been thought of as transient and as an individual difference characteristic relating to the way people experience emotion. Its history, measurement, and relationship to other constructs are examined.
Physiological hyperarousal (PH) has been longed discussed within psychology. Wilhelm Wundt postulated that emotions and physiological arousal precede cognition and behavior, and Sigmund Freud conceptualized anxiety as an unpleasant state characterized by worry, apprehension, and physiological arousal. Thayer and colleagues considered arousal to be a basic element of mood and behavior, with distinctions between energetic and tense arousal. Numerous types of arousal (e.g., calm-energy, calm-tiredness, tense-energy, and...
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