Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Schwartz, Shalom

  • Shalom H. SchwartzEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2327-1

Early Life and Educational Background

Shalom H. Schwartz was born in Hempstead, N.Y., on New Year’s Day in 1936, 2 h too late for his parents to benefit from a tax deduction. He attended public school for 6 years, where he was called by various versions of his middle name, Hillel. Finally, when he transferred to a yeshiva in Jamaica, Queens, for 2 years, he reassumed his first name. He then attended and graduated from Hempstead High School. At the same time, he commuted twice a week to Manhattan to continue his Hebraic and Jewish studies at the Jewish Theological Seminary (JTS). As an undergraduate at Columbia College, he specialized in comparative literature. He found the introductory course in psychology (100% behaviorist, training a rat) so unstimulating that he refrained from taking another psychology course until graduate school. While earning his AB at Columbia, he completed a BA in Hebrew Literature and Language at JTS. In his senior year, he spent a semester in Jerusalem, the...

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Selected Bibliography

  1. Schwartz, S. H. (1970). Elicitation of moral obligation and self- sacrificing behavior: An experimental study of volunteering to be a bone marrow donor. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 15, 283–293.  https://doi.org/10.1037/h0029614.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Schwartz, S. H., & Gottlieb, A. (1976). Bystander reactions to a violent theft: Crime in Jerusalem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 1188–1199.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.34.6.1188.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Schwartz, S. H. (1977). Normative influences on altruism. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 10, pp. 221–279). New York: Academic.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60358-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theory and empirical tests in 20 countries. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 25, pp. 1–65). New York: Academic.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60281-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Schwartz, S. H., & Huismans, S. (1995). Value priorities and religiosity in four Western religions. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58, 88–107.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2787148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Schwartz, S. H., & Bardi, A. (2001). Value hierarchies across cultures: Taking a similarities perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 268–290.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022101032003002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bardi, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2003). Values and behavior: Strength and structure of relations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1207–1220.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167203254602.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Schwartz, S. H., & Rubel, T. (2005). Sex differences in value priorities: Cross-cultural and multimethod studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 1010–1028.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.89.6.1010.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Knafo, A., & Schwartz, S. H. (2008). Accounting for parent-child value congruence: Theoretical considerations and empirical evidence. In U. Schönpflug (Ed.), Perspectives on cultural transmission (pp. 240–268). New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Schwartz, S.H., Cieciuch, J., Vecchione, M., Davidov, E., … Konty, M. (2012). Refining the theory of basic individual values. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 663–688.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Schwartz, S. H. (2014). National culture as value orientations: Consequences of value differences and cultural distance. In V. Ginsburgh & D. Throsby (Eds.), Handbook of the economics of art and culture (Vol. 2, pp. 547–586). Amsterdam: Elsevier/North Holland.Google Scholar
  12. Schwartz, S. H., Caprara, G. V., Vecchione, M., Bain, P., … Zaleski, Z. (2014). Basic personal values underlie and give coherence to political values: A cross national study in 15 countries. Political Behavior, 36, 899–930.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11109-013-9255-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Schwartz, S. H. (2015). Basic individual values: Sources and consequences. In D. Sander & T. Brosch (Eds.), Handbook of value (pp. 63–84). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schwartz, S. H. (2017). The refined theory of basic values. In S. Roccas & L. Sagiv (Eds.), Values and behavior: Taking a cross-cultural perspective (pp. 51–72). Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Schwartz, S. H., & Sortheix, F. M. (2018). Values and subjective well-being. In E. Diener, S. Oishi, & L. Tay (Eds.), Handbook of well-being (Noba Scholar Handbook series: Subjective well-being). Salt Lake City: DEF publishers. https://nobascholar.com.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA