Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Dark Cube

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2302-1



The Dark Character Cube (Garcia and Rosenberg 2016) is a model of malevolent character theoretically based on Cloninger’s biopsychosocial model of personality (Cloninger 2004) and in the assumption of a ternary structure of malevolent character (Paulhus and Williams 2002). In short, personality is a complex adaptive biopsychosocial system and malevolent character is suggested as a Dark Triad, thus, the Dark Character Cube is composed of eight possible malevolent character profiles based on people’s high/low levels in Machiavellianism (M for high, m for low), narcissism (N for high, n for low), and psychopathy (P for high, p for low): MNP “maleficent,” MNp “manipulative narcissistic,” MnP “antisocial,” Mnp “Machiavellian,” mNP “psychopathic narcissistic,” mNp “narcissistic,” mnP “psychopathic,” and mnp “benevolent”1 (see Fig. 1).
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Blekinge Center of CompetenceBlekinge County CouncilKarlskronaSweden
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Network for Empowerment and Well-BeingLyckebySweden
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyLund UniversityLundSweden
  5. 5.Anthropedia FoundationSt. LouisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA