Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Pavlovian Temperament Survey

  • Jan Strelau
  • Bogdan Zawadzki
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2284-1

Introduction

During the first decades of the twentieth century, Russian physiologist and Nobel Prize winner Ivan P. Pavlov conducted a series of experimental studies on classical conditioning in dogs under different kinds of circumstances and on a variety of conditioned reflexes. The long-lasting observation of animal behavior in his laboratory led him to the conclusion that dogs differ in respect of such criteria as the speed of conditioning, the magnitude of reflexes, the ability to inhibit them when required, the efficiency of developing positive and negative conditioned reflexes under different circumstances (e.g., distractors, pharmacological agents), or the ability to react adequately to changing stimuli. To explain these individual differences, he concluded that some properties of the central nervous system (CNS), such as strength of excitation, strength of inhibition, or mobility and balance of nervous processes, are responsible for these differences. In spite of the notion of...

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References

  1. Pavlov, I. P. (1928). Lectures on conditioned reflexes: Twenty-five years of objective study of the higher nervous activity (behavior) of animals. New York: Liveright Publishing. Translated from Russian by W. Horsley Gant, G. Volborth, & Walter B. Cannon.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Strelau, J. (1972). A diagnosis of temperament by nonexperimental techniques. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 3, 97–105.Google Scholar
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  6. Strelau, J., & Zawadzki, B. (2012). Activity as a temperament trait. In M. Zentner & R. Shiner (Eds.), The handbook of temperament (pp. 83–104). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  7. Strelau, J., Angleitner, A., & Ruch, W. (1990). Strelau temperament inventory (STI): General review and studies based on German samples. In J. N. Butcher & C. D. Spielberger (Eds.), Advances in personality assessment (Vol. 8, pp. 187–214). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  8. Strelau, J., Angleitner, A., & Newberry, B. (1999). Pavlovian temperament survey (PTS). An international handbook. Göttingen: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Social Sciences and HumanitiesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.University of WarsawWarsawPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anna Czarna
    • 1
  1. 1.Jagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland