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Game Theory

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Behavioral game theory; Human-computer interaction; Personality; Theory of Mind


Formalizing strategic interactions.


Predicting others’ behaviors is greatly advantageous in a social system. One way humans do this is with a Theory of Mind. Another related way is with attribution of personality traits. Human players do not show the same “Theory of Mind Network” area activation while playing against computers as they do against other humans. Behavioral game theory can assess if giving computers “a personality” can make humans predict their behaviors better.

Behavioral Game Theory

Behavioral game theory (BGT) (Camerer 2003) is a useful framework that allows for systematic analysis and comparison of strategic decision-making. For example, BGT makes it remarkably easy to test systematic deviations from rational decision-making. It also allows for a relatively easy comparison between player-agent (e.g., human and nonhuman primates) decisions within a given set...


  • Belief State
  • Brain Activation Pattern
  • Human Player
  • Brain Activation Area
  • Personality Attribution

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Correspondence to Chinmay Aradhye .

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© 2016 Springer International Publishing AG

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Aradhye, C. (2016). Game Theory. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-28099-8

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