Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Self (Jungian Archetype)

  • Danielle KilhofferEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1999-1



A concept of a role or personality present in the collective unconscious of all humans that is often expressed through dreams and common cultural narratives such as religion and mythology.


Many of Carl Gustav Jung’s contributions to the field of psychology remain popular today. The idea of being in touch with one’s masculine/feminine side contains seeds of Jung’s anima/animus concept. Jung also articulated his concepts of introverted and extroverted personality types, ideas that led to the popular Meyers-Briggs test (Jung 1923; Myers and McCaulley 1989). One idea that remains more obscure is his concept of the collective unconscious and its archetypes, specifically the archetype of the self.

What About Freud?

Jung’s concept of the unconscious differs from Freud’s well-known ideas about the topic. Jung and Freud entertained different ideas about the...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Central OklahomaEdmondUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chris Ditzfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA