Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Sedikides, Constantine

  • Constantine SedikidesEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1997-1

Early Life and Educational Background

Constantine Sedikides was born on September 24, 1958 in Katerini, Greece. He completed his Bachelor’s degree in 1982 at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, majoring in psychology and philosophy. He received a Master’s degree in developmental psychology in 1984 from Fordham University, USA. He went on to gain a Master’s (1986) and a PhD (1988) degree in social psychology from The Ohio State University, USA, under the supervision of Thomas M. Ostrom. His master’s thesis examined status differences in intergroup perception, whereas his PhD thesis addressed construct accessibility effects in communication settings.

Professional Career

Constantine Sedikides served as an Assistant Professor at University of Wisconsin – Madison, USA, between 1988 and 1993. He moved on to University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, in 1993 as an Associate Professor and was promoted to Full Professor in 1997. In 1999, he relocated in England, to become the Director of the Center for Research on Self and Identity at University of Southampton, where he remains until present. He has approximately 400 publications, including 15 edited volumes. His publications have appeared in such outlets as European Journal of Personality, Journal of Personality, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Research in Personality, and Social Psychological and Personality Science. He has been a co-editor of Psychological Inquiry and has served on the panel of several funding bodies. His research has been supported by grants from the British Academy, Economic and Social Research Council, National Institute of Health, The Leverhulme Trust, and Templeton Foundation (among others). He has received many awards, such as Award for Distinguished Contribution to Social Psychology (The British Psychological Society, 2018), Distinguished Lifetime Career Award (International Society for Self and Identity, 2017), The Presidents’ Award for Distinguished Contributions to Psychological Knowledge (The British Psychological Society, 2012), and Kurt Lewin Medal for Outstanding Scientific Contribution (European Association of Social Psychology, 2011).

Research Interests

Constantine Sedikides’ research is on self and identity (including narcissism) and their interplay with emotion and motivation, close relationships, and group or organizational processes. For example, one research program has addressed the determinants, consequences, and personality correlates (e.g., narcissism) of self-enhancement, the proclivity to hold an unduly positive image of one’s self. Another research program has examined the triggers, functions, and personality correlates of the emotion of nostalgia, a sentimental longing about one’s past. Finally, a third research program has looked into the situational instigators, health outcomes, and personality correlates, of state authenticity, the perception of one’s self as true or real.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Gebauer, J. E., Sedikides, C., Verplanken, B., & Maio, G. R. (2012). Communal narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 854–878.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029629.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Gebauer, J. E., Sedikides, C., & Schrade, A. (2017). Christian self-enhancement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113, 786–809.  https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000140.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Schmader, T., & Sedikides, C. (2018). Situated authenticity as fit to environment (SAFE): The implications of social identity for fit, authenticity, and self-segregation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 22, 228–259.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868317734080.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Sedikides, C. (1993). Assessment, enhancement, and verification determinants of the self-evaluation process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 317–338.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.65.2.317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Sedikides, C., & Gregg, A. P. (2008). Self-enhancement: Food for thought. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 102–116.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6916.2008.00068.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Sedikides, C., & Skowronski, J. A. (1997). The symbolic self in evolutionary context. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1, 80–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Sedikides, C., & Strube, M. J. (1997). Self-evaluation: To thine own self be good, to thine own self be sure, to thine own self be true, and to thine own self be better. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 29, 209–269.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60018-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sedikides, C., Campbell, W. K., Reeder, G., & Elliot, A. J. (1998). The self-serving bias in relational context. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 378–386.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.74.2.378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sedikides, C., Gaertner, L., & Toguchi, Y. (2003). Pancultural self-enhancement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 60–70.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.1.60.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Sedikides, C., Rudich, E. A., Gregg, A. P., Kumashiro, M., & Rusbult, C. (2004). Are normal narcissists psychologically healthy? Self-esteem matters. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 400–416.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.87.3.400.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Sedikides, C., Gaertner, L., & Cai, H. (2015a). On the panculturality of self-enhancement and self-protection motivation: The case for the universality of self-esteem. Advances in Motivation Science, 2, 185–241.  https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.adms.2015.04.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sedikides, C., Wildschut, T., Routledge, C., Arndt, J., Hepper, E. G., & Zhou, X. (2015b). To nostalgize: Mixing memory with affect and desire. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 51, 189–273.  https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aesp.2014.10.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sedikides, C., Green, J. D., Saunders, J., Skowronski, J. J., & Zengel, B. (2016). Mnemic neglect: Selective amnesia of one’s faults. European Review of Social Psychology, 27, 1–62.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10463283.2016.1183913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sedikides, C., Slabu, L., Lenton, A., & Thomaes, S. (2017). State authenticity. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 515–520.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721417713296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sedikides, C., Ntoumanis, N., & Sheldon, K. M. (2018). I am the chosen one: Narcissism in the backdrop of self-determination theory. Advance online publication. Journal of Personality.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12402.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chris Ditzfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA