Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Theresa H. HeEmail author
  • Alexandra N. Fisher
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1901-1



Used as a mental shortcut, scripts are a set of expected events for a particular situation. Scripts are developed by taking information from past experiences to inform future thoughts and behaviors. The types of scripts internalized by each individual are influenced by personality differences and group affiliation, which, in turn, have an impact on the types of scripts that are formed.


Exposed to a world filled with complex stimuli, even the extraordinary human brain can have difficulty processing the information it is faced with. The mental demands of the environment can often be quite taxing, which is why humans have evolved the ability to use cognitive shortcuts, such as scripts or schemas. Although exact conditions may differ from time to time, many events in day-to-day life tend to follow a type of pattern, such as dining at a restaurant or going on a date. For example, Joe, who has been matched with Ann on a dating website,...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA