The term “self-discrepancies” refers to the presence of incompatible or conflicting beliefs about one’s self, with negative consequences on the person’s well-being. Self-discrepancy theory (Higgins 1989) describes how individuals are likely to experience discomfort when they are holding conflicting or incompatible beliefs about themselves. Moreover, the type of discrepant self-representations explains the kind of discomfort or unpleasant feelings.
There was no doubt that a person’s concept of itself is a primary source of emotional-motivational difficulties. Still, it is unclear why some people suffer from dejection-related problems (e.g., sadness or disappointment), while others are predisposed to agitation-related problems (e.g., fear or restlessness). The self-discrepancy theory addressed the individual differences problem, by creating a general framework useful to predict...
- Crane, C., Barnhofer, T., Duggan, D. S., Hepburn, S., Fennell, M. V., & Williams, J. M. G. (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and self-discrepancy in recovered depressed patients with a history of depression and suicidality. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32(6), 775–787. doi:10.1007/s10608-008-9193-y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar