Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Self-Appraisals

  • Corey L. GuentherEmail author
  • Abigail Laudi
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1156-1

Synonyms

Definition

Self-appraisal is the process by which people evaluate their traits, abilities, attitudes, behavioral tendencies, and outcomes in the service of constructing and maintaining identity.

Introduction

The self and identity literature is rich with empirical evidence regarding the processes by which people appraise the self and construct a sense of identity. The current article provides a brief overview of this literature by first discussing the different roles played by distinct motivational influences on the self-appraisal process, specifically, the distinct roles of self-assessment, self-verification, and self-enhancement. Next, the distinction between instrumental and social self-analysisis introduced in order to highlight the unique contributions to the self-appraisal process made by self-focused interpretations of (1) one’s own thoughts, feelings, and behavior and (2) interpersonal or social comparison feedback. Particular emphasis...

Keywords

Social Comparison Positive Life Event Comparison Target Social Comparison Theory Downward Comparison 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Creighton UniversityOmahaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christian Jordan
    • 1
  1. 1.Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada