Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Neuroticism (Eysenck’s Theory)

  • Per BechEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1094-1

Synonyms

Definition

The Eysenck personality theory is based on the four classic temperaments (melancholic, choleric, phlegmatic, and sanguine) which Wilhelm Wundt integrated in the two dimensions of neuroticism and extraversion. Neuroticism covers the melancholic and choleric temperaments as a personality trait, i.e., a disposition-oriented tendency to react too emotionally in certain situations. Neuroticism, or emotionality, is the most distinct of Eysenck’s personality traits. It was also historically the first trait he defined. Thus, the Maudsley Medical Questionnaire (MMQ) was constructed to measure the personality trait of neuroticism. The MMQ contained 40 items. To cover both neuroticism and extraversion, the Maudsley Personality Inventory (MPI) was developed in 1956. A short version of the MPI containing six neuroticism items was published by Eysenck in 1958.

The Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) was developed by Eysenck and Eysenck...

Keywords

Personality Trait Item Response Theory Item Response Theory Model Hamilton Depression Scale Eysenck Personality Questionnaire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bech, P. (2016). Measurement-based care in mental disorders. New York: SpringerGoogle Scholar
  2. Bech, P. (2017a). Extraversion-introversion (Eysenck’s theory). In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences. Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Bech, P. (2017b). Psychoticism (The psychoticism scale). In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences. Springer.Google Scholar
  4. Bech, P., & Rickels, K. (2016). The items predicting non-remission after 6 months of treatment of patients with generalized anxiety disorder covered the Eysenck neuroticism components of anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity and depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 85(4), 229–230. doi:10.1159/000444454.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bech, P., Jorgensen, B., Jeppesen, K., Loldrup Poulsen, D., & Vanggaard, T. (1986). Personality in depression: Concordance between clinical assessment and questionnaires. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 74(3), 263–268.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bech, P., Carrozzino, D., Austin, S. F., Moller, S. B., & Vassend, O. (2016a). Measuring euthymia within the neuroticism scale from the NEO personality inventory: A Mokken analysis of the Norwegian general population study for scalability. Journal of Affective Disorders, 193, 99–102. doi:S0165-0327(15)31185-X [pii].Google Scholar
  7. Bech, P., Kessing, L. V., & Bukh, J. D. (2016b). The validity of dysthymia to predict clinical depressive symptoms as measured by the Hamilton depression scale at the 5-year follow-up of patients with first episode depression. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 70(8), 563–566. doi:10.1080/08039488.2016.1180712.Google Scholar
  8. De Vellis, P. F. (2012). Scale development. Theory and application (3rd ed.). London: SAGE.Google Scholar
  9. Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. B. G. (1969). Personality structure and measurement. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  10. Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. B. G. (1975). Manual of the Eysenck personality questionnaire. London: Hodder and Stoughton.Google Scholar
  11. Eysenck, S. B. G., Eysenck, H. J., & Barrett, P. (1985). A revised version of the psychoticism scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 6(1), 21–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kendell, R. E., & DiScipio, W. J. (1968). Eysenck personality inventory scores of patients with depressive illnesses. The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science, 114(511), 767–770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kline, P. (1993). The handbook of psychological testing. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CopenhagenHillerødDenmark

Section editors and affiliations

  • Beth A. Visser
    • 1
  1. 1.Lakehead UniversityOrilliaCanada