- 604 Downloads
The degree to which personality and/or behavior changes across situations.
Introduction and Background
Personality involves an individual’s typical pattern of behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. The degree to which personality and/or behavior remains similar across situations is known as cross-situational consistency (Sauerberger and Funder 2016). Someone high in cross-situational consistency has behaviors related to personality characteristics in a similar manner across situations, whereas someone low in consistency will differ in behaviors expressed and how they relate to one’s underlying personality. An important area of research in psychology focuses on whether individual personality traits or situational characteristics have a greater influence on individual behavior (Long et al. 1977). There is ample evidence that suggests that personality has a major influence on behavior and to some degree transcends...
- Asscher, J., Prinzie, P., Dekovic, M., & Van den Akker, A. L. (2014). Mean-level personality development across childhood and adolescence: A temporary defiance of the maturity principle and bidirectional associations with parenting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107, 736–750. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037248.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kuptsch, C., Kleinmann, M., & Koller, O. (1998). The chameleon effect in assessment centers: The influence of cross-situational behavioral consistency on the convergent validity of assessment centers. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 13, 103–116.Google Scholar
- Nave, C. S., Sherman, R. A., Funder, D. C., Hampson, S. E., & Goldberg, L. R. (2010). On the contextual independence of personality: Teacher’s assessments predict directly observed behavior after four decades. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 327–334. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550610370717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shiner, R. L., Masten, A. S., & Tellegen, A. (2002). A developmental perspective on personality in emerging adulthood: Childhood antecedents and concurrent adaptation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1165–1177. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-35188.8.131.525.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar