Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Cross-Situational Consistency

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1058-1



The degree to which personality and/or behavior changes across situations.

Introduction and Background

Personality involves an individual’s typical pattern of behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. The degree to which personality and/or behavior remains similar across situations is known as cross-situational consistency (Sauerberger and Funder 2016). Someone high in cross-situational consistency has behaviors related to personality characteristics in a similar manner across situations, whereas someone low in consistency will differ in behaviors expressed and how they relate to one’s underlying personality. An important area of research in psychology focuses on whether individual personality traits or situational characteristics have a greater influence on individual behavior (Long et al. 1977). There is ample evidence that suggests that personality has a major influence on behavior and to some degree transcends...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityCamdenUSA
  2. 2.Behavior and Decision SciencesUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Beth A. Visser
    • 1
  1. 1.Lakehead UniversityOrilliaCanada