Self-referent information processing describes how information from the environment is encoded, processed, or retrieved and connected to the self. This takes place through an individual’s self-schema, which is a stable, cognitive structure of thought patterns that influence how a person codes and interprets external stimuli in relation to him-/herself (Beck 1964). Self-referent cognitions are thoughts an individual has regarding him-/herself. They are the outcome of self-referent information processing and the expression of self-schema.
Information processing occurs when an individual receives information from the environment and then encodes, processes, or retrieves information from the memory. Many cognitive models of depression posit that biases in information processing are the principle cause of the development and maintenance of depression (for a review, see Jacobs et al. 2008). An important,...
- Cognitive Therapy
- Cognitive Structure
- Depressed Individual
- Processing Style
- Ambiguous Stimulus
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Pössel, P., Pittard, C.M. (2016). Self-Referent Cognitions. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1000-1
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