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Friction Foot Blisters: The Effect of Hydration on the Risk of Blister Creation

Living reference work entry
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Abstract

Foot skin is susceptible to developing a range of mechanical dermatoses as a consequence of the repetitive loads generated during walking and running. Friction blisters are included in this class of conditions and should not be underestimated as they can be painful, become infected, and under certain occupations cause disability. The primary influencing factor that contributes to the changes in friction is that of the accumulation of moisture at the interface between the textile and the skin. This concept is even more pertinent to foot skin due to the added influence of the enclosure of the foot within the shoe. A combination of a humid inshoe environment and factors intrinsic to the structure of foot skin places the skin at increased risk of blister. This chapter brings together research outcomes from the fields of tribology, tissue mechanics, and textile design in order to better understand how changes in hydration may contribute to the creation of friction foot blisters.

Keywords

Foot Skin Blister Hydration Tissue mechanics Friction Compression Textiles 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Health Sciences ResearchUniversity of SalfordManchesterUK

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