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Glucosinolates in Food

  • Marco PossentiEmail author
  • Simona Baima
  • Antonio Raffo
  • Alessandra Durazzo
  • Anna Maria Giusti
  • Fausta Natella
Reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Glucosinolates are secondary plant metabolites that have attracted researcher’s attention due to their potential chemopreventive activity. More than 120 different glucosinolates have been identified in plants, and several of these compounds have been studied for the potential anti-cancerogenic effect of their metabolic breakdown products (mainly ITCs).

Glucosinolates are peculiar of vegetables belonging to Brassicaceae family but are present also in few other species (capers, papaya, and moringa) used for human consumption. The type and concentration of glucosinolates in food are highly variable depending on several factors, such as genetics, cultivation site, cultivar, growth conditions, developmental stage, plant tissue, post-harvest handling, and food preparation methods. As types and concentration are also the main determinant of their biological activities, estimates of their content in food are essential tool to understand if a certain diet is adequate to deliver qualitatively and quantitatively appropriate glucosinolates and ITCs.

The aim of this chapter is to describe qualitative and quantitative glucosinolate distribution among commonly eaten food, as well as the effect of the post-harvest handling on the glucosinolate food content.

Keywords

Glucosinolates Isothiocyanates Brassicaceae Food content Processing 

Abbreviations

4-GDB

4-[β-d-Glucopyranosyldisulfanyl] butyl glucosinolate

DMB

Dimeric 4-mercaptobutyl-glucosinolate

DW

Dry weight

FW

Fresh weight

GLS

Glucosinolate

ITC

Isothiocyanate

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Italian Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Forestry (MiPAAF) grants “NUTRIGEA” (DM 30281 23/12/2009).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Possenti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Simona Baima
    • 1
  • Antonio Raffo
    • 1
  • Alessandra Durazzo
    • 1
  • Anna Maria Giusti
    • 2
  • Fausta Natella
    • 1
  1. 1.CREA-NUT, Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l’Analisi dell’Economia Agraria, Food and Nutrition Research CentreRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Experimental Medicine, Medical Physiopathology, Food Science and Endocrinology SectionFood Science and Human Nutrition Research Unit – University “Sapienza” of RomeRomeItaly

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