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Cognitive perspective in the study of individual differences amounts to analyzing human traits in terms of underlying cognitive processes. The way in which we perceive the world, attend to the external stimuli, store information in short-term and long-term memory, or solve problems via the process of thinking defines what we are like. The cognitive perspective allows integration of the psychology of individual differences with the experimental cognitive psychology.
Cognitive analysis of individual differences is a relatively new approach in psychological science. Contemporary cognitive psychology evolved in the 1950s and 1960s as a continuation of the traditional experimental psychology, whereas the psychology of individual differences developed from the so-called correlational psychology (Cronbach 1957), also known as the differential psychology. These two disciplines of scientific psychology used to differ in basic theoretical and methodological...
Preparation of this contribution was supported by the Polish National Centre of Science (NCN), grant No. DEC-2013/08/A/HS6/00045.
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