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Skin Conductance Tests

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Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences


Electrodermal activity (EDA); Electrodermal level (EDL); Electrodermal response (EDR); Galvanic skin response (GSR); Skin potential response; Skin conductance response; Skin resistance response; Psychophysiology


EDA refers to electrodermal phenomena associated with the skin that involves variation in the electrical properties of the skin (Handler et al. 2010). The tonic, baseline, level of skin conductance or resistance at any point is the EDL, whereas the EDR refers to the changes in the electrical properties of a person’s skin. This is caused by the interaction between environmental events and an individual’s psychological state leading to a skin potential or conductance response (Handler et al. 2010). GSR is an older term that is now replaced with EDA. Galvanic implies that the skin functions as a galvanic cell, which involves the production of an electrical current from the interaction of dissimilar metals through a salt bridge. These processes are unrelated to...

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Correspondence to Alexandra Sophia Malinowski .

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Malinowski, A.S. (2020). Skin Conductance Tests. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham.

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