Developed by Alfred Adler, Individual Psychology is a theory of human behavior and a therapeutic approach that encourages individuals to make positive contributions to society as well as to achieve personal happiness.
Also known as Adlerian Psychology, Individual Psychology is a theory of human behavior that focuses on the basic need of belonging and the importance of engaging in constructive actions (Adler 1956). Alfred Adler, its founder, believed that all behavior is goal oriented and that individuals are motived to seek “belonging” or significance and meaning in their lives by the way they function in social systems (Adler 1956). Adler believed that human beings first learn how to belong and interact with others in their initial social environment, their family. He emphasized the individual’s position in the family system, psychological birth order, family dynamics, and attempt to avoid feelings of inferiority (Carlson et al. 2006)....
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Sperry, J., Sperry, L. (2020). Individual Psychology (Adler). In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_1387
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