Skip to main content

Compensation

  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
  • 164 Accesses

Synonyms

Adjustment; Balance; Homeostasis; Self-regulation; Supplementation

Definition

In his chapter on “Definitions,” Jung (1921/1989) describes compensation as having to do with “balancing,” “adjusting,” and “supplementing” in relation to psychological processes so that through the operation of compensation, the psyche is able to self-regulate. Jung thereby understood compensation to be “a basic law of psychic behaviour” (Jung 1928/1993: 153) so that if any attitude is overdeveloped in consciousness, a corresponding compensation will emerge from the unconscious to bring the psyche back into balance.

Introduction

Compensation is the concept Jung used to describe the psyche’s self-regulating tendency much like the concept of homeostasis in biology. Since psychic balance is achieved by adjusting and supplementing any component within the psyche which is overdeveloped or overemphasized, compensation became a central concept within Jung’s psychology. Given that such a compensatory...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 3,499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 5,499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

  • Evans, R. (1976). Jung on elementary psychology: A discussion between C. G. Jung and Richard I. Evans. Mount Vernon: Dutton & Co.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacobi, J. (1973). The psychology of C. G. Jung. New Haven: Yale Uni Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1918/1991) The role of the unconscious. In Civilisation in transition (pp. 3–28). CW 10. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1921/1989) Definitions. In Psychological types (pp. 408–486). CW6. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung C. G. (1928/1990) Individuation. In Two essays in analytical psychology (pp. 173–187). CW 7. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1928/1993) The practical use of dream analysis. In The practice of psychotherapy (pp. 139–161). CW 16. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1930/1991) The complications of American psychology. In Civilisation in transition (pp. 502–514). CW 10. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1931/1991a) The structure of the psyche. In The structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 139–158). CW 8. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1931/1991b) Mind and Earth. In Civilisation in transition (pp. 29–49). CW 10. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1943/1990) On the psychology of the unconscious. In Two essays on analytical psychology (pp. 9–119). CW 7. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1946/1991) The fight with the shadow. In Civilization in transition (pp. 218–226). CW 10. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1948/1991) On the nature of dreams. In The structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 281–297). CW8. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1951/1991) On synchronicity. In The structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 520–531). CW 8. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1952/1991) Synchronicity: An acausal connecting principle. In The structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 417–519). CW 8. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1953/1993) Letter to Père Bruno. In The symbolic life (pp. 673–678). CW 18. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1968/1992) Introduction to the religious and psychological problems of alchemy. In Psychology and alchemy (pp. 1–37). CW 12. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to John Merchant .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Section Editor information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this entry

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Merchant, J. (2020). Compensation. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_1368

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics