Social status is the perceived or actual standing of an individual relative to others on a dimension of social relevance (e.g., traits, economic standing, abilities). Self-esteem is a person’s global evaluation of their worth and competence. This entry examines the relation between the two constructs.
Social status is important and consequential for individuals in human societies (Fiske 2010). Broadly defined, social status is the perceived or actual standing of an individual relative to others on a dimension of social relevance, including but not limited to traits (e.g., competence, warmth), resource attainment (e.g., income, education), roles (e.g., occupation, leadership positions), performances and abilities (e.g., class rank, athleticism), physical attributes (e.g., attractiveness, weight), behaviors (e.g., exercise frequency, volunteer hours in the community), and future prospects (e.g., cancer risk, earning potential). Critically, achieving high social...
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P. Rose, J., Vogel, E. (2020). Self-Esteem and Social Status. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_1172
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