The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Bunge, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1851–1930)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_99

Bunge, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1851–1930) – a medical professional, a zoologist, an East Arctic explorer, and a doctor of medicine (1880). After graduating from Derpt (Tartu) University, he participated as a doctor in an expedition of the Russian Geographic Society to the Lena mouth in 1881. For 2 years, he worked as head of a weather station in Sagastyr Island (the Lena mouth, Yakutia). The station was carrying out the program of the First International Polar Year. In 1885–1886, he was commander of an expedition of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences to the northern Yakutia and the New Siberian Islands (is assistant being E.V. Toll), personally explored the Yana and Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island where he studied fossil ice, collected bones of ancient mammals, and observed modern animals. In 1890, he navigated the Yenisei and in 1899–1900 stayed for winter in the Hornsunn Fjord on a Russian station Spitsbergen which made measurements of the geographical meridian. As a ship’s medical officer, he navigated the Arctic Seas, picking zoological collections. In 1903, he became a flagship doctor of the Pacific Ocean squadron and participant of Port Arthur defense. Starting from 1908 is a flagship doctor of the Baltic Fleet. As an experienced polar explorer, he was a member of a committee for the Arctic expeditions organization at the Main Hydrographical Board.

B. gave his name to a river, a lake, a mountain, a plateau and a glacier in the Svalbard Archipelago, a glacier in the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago, the central part of Kotelny Island, and the northernmost species of a groundhog.

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