The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Gvozdev, Mikhail Spiridonovich (about 1704–1759)

Reference work entry

Gvozdev, Mikhail Spiridonovich (about 1704–1759) – a second lieutenant of geodesy, a participant of the First and the Second Kamchatka Expeditions. Northwest Alaska explorer. From 1716 to 1718 studied in Moscow Mathematics and Navigation School. In 1721 graduated from St.-Petersburg Maritime Academy. From 1727 to 1732 participated in expeditions of A.F. Shestakov and D.I. Pavlutskiy aimed at exploration and annexation of new lands in Chukotka and Kamchatka regions to Russia. Navigated on the boat “Svyatoy Gavriil” and other ships in the Okhotsk and the Bering Seas. In the summer of 1732 on the boat “Svyatoy Gavriil” (commanded by I. Fedorov) navigated from the Nizhnekamchatskiy Ostrog (settlement) into the Bering Strait to the shores of northwest America and back. The sailors were the first Europeans to reach the coast of North America in the area of Cape Prince of Wales. G. described the shores of the strait and the islands lying in it. In 1733–1735 controlled the construction of...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016