The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Bering Land Bridge National Preserve

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_70
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve – in 1978 acquired the status of a national monument and in 1980 of a national preserve in line with the adopted Alaska National Land Conservation Act, ANILCA. It lies in the north of the Seward Peninsula and serves a reminder of Beringia land bridge which was 88 km long and 1,000 km wide. It is believed that during the Ice Age, this land bridge was used by first people and animals to move from Asia to North America. Around 15 thousand years ago as a result of massive ice melting and rise of the World Ocean level, the land bridge disappeared under the waters of the Bering Strait. The preserve includes wide expanses of tundra and Granite Mountains of volcanic origin.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016