The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Begichev (Bigichev), Nikifor Alekseevich (1874–1927)

Reference work entry

Begichev (Bigichev), Nikifor Alekseevich (1874–1927) – a navy sailor, an Arctic explorer, and twice honored with Lomonosov Gold Medal. In 1895, he was recruited to the Navy and in 1897–1900 navigated on a training steam-sailing ship as a seaman and boatswain’s mate in the Atlantic Ocean, twice from Kronstadt to the Antilles.

As part of the crew of E.V. Toll’s expedition (1900–1902) being a boatswain, he participated in a high-latitude expedition in the Arctic Ocean aimed at studying the New Siberian Islands; on the steam-sailing schooner, “Zarya” reached Bennett Island (the De Long group of islands, the East Siberian Sea). During the expedition, Baron E. Toll and three of his companions from sledge and paddling group vanished forever, but B. and most of the crew returned to the mainland. In spring 1903, he was searching for E.V. Toll dog-sledged from the mouth of the Yana River to Kotelny Island and in August reached Bennett Island on a whale boat and found the winter quarters of the...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016