The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Beechey, Frederick William (1796–1856)

Reference work entry
Beechey, Frederick William (1796–1856) – an English naval officer, rear-admiral (1854), hydrographer, artist, member of the Royal Geographical Society and its chairman (1855), and researcher of North America, North Africa, and the Pacific Ocean. At the age of 10, he started to serve in the Royal Navy and a year later became a midshipman. In 1818, he participated in the Arctic expedition of B. Buchan, in 1821 made a survey of the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, in 1825 B. was appointed to command HMS “Blossom” and to research the Bering Strait, and in the summer of 1826, he passed through the strait and reached latitude 71 °23′31″ N and longitude 150 °21′30″ W. He described Kotzebue Sound in the Chukchi Sea and was the first to map about a thousand km of Alaska coast – from Kotzebue Sound to Cape Franklin. He also discovered Wainwright Bay. In July of the same year, B. named three islands in the Bering Strait, two of which were named the Diomede Islands (big and little), and the...
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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016