The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Beaufort Sea

Reference work entry

Beaufort Sea – a sea in the Arctic Ocean by the north shores of North America at the coast of Alaska and Canada between Banks Island (Canadian Arctic Archipelago) in the east and Cape Barrow, the Chukchi Sea, in the west.

The area comprises 481 thousand km 2. Average depth is 1,004 m, and the deepest point is 3,749 m. Large rivers flowing into it are Colville, Anderson, and Mackenzie. Most of the B.S. is covered with drifting ice, but every summer the coast of Alaska and Canada is free from ice and open for navigation. The sea was named in honor of the English admiral F. Beaufort.
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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016