The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Wrangel, Ferdinand Petrovich (1796–1879)

Reference work entry

Wrangel, Ferdinand Petrovich (1796–1879) – a baron, admiral (1856), and adjutant general (1856) in charge of the Admiralty, a director of the Hydrographical Department, a circumnavigator, the Arctic explorer, an honorary member of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg and Paris, and one of the founders of the Russian Geographical Society. In 1815 he graduated from the Sea Cadet Corps. He served in the Baltic Fleet. In 1817–1819 as a midshipman on the sloop “Kamchatka,” he participated in the circumnavigation of V. M. Golovnin through Petropavlovsk and the Russian America. In 1820–1824 as a lieutenant, he commanded the Kolyma group of the expedition for exploration of Northeast Siberia. He found out that to the north of the Kolyma River and Cape Shelagskiy, there is an open sea; he described the coast of Siberia from the Indigirka River to Kolyuchinskaya Guba, mapped the Medvezhiy Islands and Ayon Island, and identified 115 astronomical field stations. In search of the land the...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016