The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

“Wrangel Island”: The Federal Nature Reserve

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_569

“Wrangel Island”: the Federal Nature Reserve – a state nature reserve on the eponymous island and Herald Island in the Magadan Region, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. W. I. is the northernmost of all the Far East reserves. It was established by the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR in 1976 to preserve and study the typical and unique ecosystems of the offshore part of the Arctic, as well as the unique place of concentration of such species as polar bears (“main maternity hospital,” ancestral polar bear dens), walruses, northern deer, and Russia’s only breeding population of white goose. The area of the buffer zone is 795,700 ha. The total area is 2.2 million ha, including the water area of 1.4 million ha. Among the protected species, there are 17 animals, 148 birds, and 438 vascular plants. Arctic tundra and coastal landscapes prevail. In the reserve, the population of musk ox brought from the United States has been reacclimatized since 1975.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016