The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Wisting, Oscar Adolf (1871–1936)

Reference work entry

Wisting, Oscar Adolf (1871–1936) – a Norwegian polar explorer, R. Amundsen’s companion in expeditions to the South Pole and along the Northeast Passage. He was the first person (together with Amundsen) to reach both the geographical poles of the Earth. Till 1909 he served as a naval gunner in the Norwegian Navy. In 1909 he asked R. Amundsen to take him to an expedition to the North Pole, but Amundsen changed his plan and decided to reach the South Pole first. In 1918–1925, W. participated in the navigation through the Northeast Passage on the “Maud,” on which he served as a doctor and treated Amundsen when he broke his arm. W. was one of R. Amundsen’s best friends and a time-tried companion. He stayed by his side through the worst moments in 1924 when everything seemed to be turning against Amundsen. As a sign of gratitude, Amundsen offered W. to participate in his transatlantic flight together with Lincoln Ellsworth, so that he could share the glory of the first person who had a...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016