The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Toll, Eduard Vasilyevich (1858–1902)

Reference work entry

Toll, Eduard Vasilyevich (1858–1902) – was a geologist and polar explorer, a baron of Baltic German origin. T. was born in Reval (Tallinn) and a magister of geology (1889). He graduated from the University of Dorpat (1882, the faculty of zoology), where he later worked as a zoologist. In 1884 T. was invited to St. Petersburg, to the Mineralogical Museum. He explored northeastern Siberia (from the low reaches of the Yenisei to the Yana-Indigirka Lowland) and adjacent islands in 1885–1886 under the command of A.A. Bunge and in 1893–1894 as the head of the expedition of the Academy of Science. T. made vast collections and drew first route geological maps of many areas he visited. He was the first to explore the geology of the New Siberian Islands. In the north of Siberia and on the adjacent islands, he discovered moraines and boulder rocks, which were evidences of ancient (Pleistocene age) land glaciation. T. was right to determine Taymyr as its center. T. gave scientific explanation to...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016