The Eastern Arctic Seas Encyclopedia

2016 Edition
| Editors: Igor S. Zonn, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksandr V. Semenov

Taymyr Biosphere Reserve

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24237-8_519

Taymyr Biosphere Reserve – located in the basins of the rivers Lagata and Upper Taymyr. It also includes two areas of the northernmost “forest islands” on the planet – Ary-Mas and Lukunskiy. It was established on February 23, 1979, to preserve typical tundra landscape of the Taymyr Peninsula, migration routes of the Taymyr population of wild reindeer, and nesting locations of semiaquatic birds (including the red-breasted goose). It is one of Russia’s largest reserves located in the north of the Krasnoyarsk Region, on the Taymyr Peninsula. The T.B.R. is formed of clusters and includes four plots. The area is 1,781,928 ha; a subdivision includes 37,018 ha of the Laptev Sea. The flora is mostly represented by low-bush, suffruticous and moss tundra, and tundra bogs. In 1995 by decision of MAB UNESCO, the reserve was awarded the status of the biospheric one. All the territory of the reserve is located in the permafrost zone. Temperature below zero and snow occur even in July. In winter,...

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016